English Irish & Scottish Surname: The meaning of the Name Cummings
The Cumming surname is probably Norman-Breton in origin. It was introduced initially into England, and Scotland by the followers of William the Conqueror after the battle of Hastings in 1066. In Scotland, the family founded by William Comyn, grew to be one of the most powerful in the country. In so doing they held at one time the Earldoms of both Angus and Atholl. When Robert the Bruce secured the throne of Scotland he rewarded his friends at the expense of his enemies, and the family of Comyn, was amongst the latter who lost titles and lands. However, the families using the Cumming(s), spelling of the name, remain numerous in the north-east of Scotland. In England the Cumming(s) surname was relatively frequent in Norfolk, Lincolnshire, and Yorkshire beginning in the 12th and 13th centuries. The Cummings surname was first found in Irish area of Connacht, where members of the family were Erenaghs of the local church.
The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Willelmus Comyn(Chancellor of Scotland), which was dated 1133, in the records of Kelso Abbey, Scotland. Other recording examples include Simon Comyn of Coldingham, in 1483, Barabara Keminge, christened at St Margarets, Westminster, in January 1st 1579, and Johes Kemmin, the son of George and Annae, christened at St Martins in the Field, Westminster, on May 2nd 1641.
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